Bratislava Nuclear Security Initiative: President Putin and President Bush agreed to pursue an initiative on nuclear security cooperation at a February 2005 summit in Bratislava, Slovak Republic. This agreement includes for the first time a comprehensive joint action plan for the cooperation on security upgrades of Russian nuclear facilities at Rosatom and Ministry of Defense sites, and cooperation in the areas of nuclear regulatory development, sustainability, secure transportation, Materials Protection Control and Accounting (MPC&A) expertise, training, and protective force equipment. A senior U.S.-Russia group chaired by the U.S. Secretary of Energy and the Director of the Federal Atomic Energy Agency (Rosatom) oversees this work and provides regular progress reports to the Presidents every six months. The Nuclear Security Initiative is focused on five key areas:
Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism: For more information, click here .
Proliferation Security Initiative: For more information, click here .
Reliable Fuel Supply: In his speech at the National Defense University in February 2004, President Bush called for closing the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty “loophole” by restricting the spread of sensitive enrichment and reprocessing technologies and assuring reliable access to the commercial nuclear fuel market.
In September 2005, Secretary Bodman announced that to support the President’s policy the Department would set aside 17.4 metric tons of highly enriched uranium (HEU) to be blended down into low enriched uranium (LEU) for use in a reserve. This Reliable Fuel Supply (RFS) will be used only in case of a fuel supply emergency for eligible countries that meet certain nonproliferation criteria. The Department of Energy awarded a commercial contract for the down-blending and storage of the resulting LEU in June 2007, and expects down-blending to be completed in 2010.
Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP): Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman announced a new, comprehensive strategy to promote the global expansion of nuclear energy. This strategy, the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP), will focus on developing new nuclear fuel cycle technologies that reduce waste and improve efficiency, enhancing safeguards and security to reduce proliferation risks, and developing international arrangements for reliable supply and management of nuclear fuel.
While GNEP is a long-term vision for the future of international nuclear power, NNSA uses ongoing activities in the areas of safeguards technology development, international safeguards cooperation, and fuel supply arrangements to support the policy aims embodied in GNEP.