Allen Brown, senior production scheduler at the Kansas City National Security Campus (KCNSC) in Kansas City, Mo., was recently selected as a 2016 Black Achiever Award recipient. Brown was nominated by the operator of the NSC and his employer, Honeywell Federal Manufacturing & Technologies, for the honor from the Black Achievers Society of Greater Kansas City, a not-for-profit organization to honor African Americans in business and industry. The award recognizes exemplary leaders for their corporate roles and involvement in the community.
As a senior scheduler at the NSC, Allen Brown is instrumental to the success of materials and planning operations. His 32 years of experience in materials management, along with his expert oversight of long range production schedules and complex scenario planning, have made him a trusted and valuable resource at KCNSC.
Brown says he attributes his success to his great mentors, and seeks to pay it forward by sharing knowledge with employees and mentoring local students.
Allen has served as a community leader for over 20 years, mentoring others and directing activities at his church. Allen also volunteers in Honeywell-led corporate initiatives like the Harvester’s Senior Food Drive and providing school supplies for underprivileged children.
Participants in Apex Gold at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.
What would national leaders do in the face of a transnational nuclear terrorism threat? Last week, ministers and other senior delegates from 37 nations, along with representatives from the International Atomic Energy Agency, the European Union and the United Nations gathered in Livermore, California, to practice their ability to respond effectively to an emerging nuclear security threat.
On Jan. 28, the U.S. Department of Energy and the Kingdom of the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs hosted Apex Gold, the first ever minister-level gathering to identify national and international actions to address a nuclear crisis. The ministers were presented with a hypothetical nuclear terrorism scenario and then worked together to determine how each of their nations might respond at each step of the situation. The participants also toured Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory to better understand some of the technical tools available for detecting and analyzing nuclear material and making decisions in the event of a nuclear terrorism crisis.
Apex Gold helped to prepare ministers to advise their heads of government during a nuclear security crisis or emergency. The exercise also laid important ground work for the 2016 Nuclear Security Summit, which President Obama will host on March 30 – April 1, 2016 in Washington, D.C. At the Summit, global leaders will discuss the threat of nuclear terrorism and identify steps to minimize the use of civil highly-enriched uranium, secure nuclear materials, and counter nuclear smuggling. They will also discuss how the vital work the Nuclear Security Summit process can be carried forward in the future.
Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz and other participants are shown lab equipment at the event.
A demonstration of lab equipment at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.
Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz makes his opening statement during Apex Gold.
Facilitator Kevin O'Prey of FEMA led participants through the scenario-based policy discussion.
Deputy Secretary of Energy Elizabeth Sherwood-Randall leads a discussion during Apex Gold.
These high performance computing (HPC) simulations of star formation account for a broad range of physical processes, including: gravity, supersonic turbulence, hydrodynamics, outflows, magnetic fields, chemistry and ionizing and non-ionizing radiation. Image courtesy of Pak Shing Li/ University of California, Berkeley
High performance computing (HPC) simulations exploring star formation by Lawrence Livermore astrophysicist Richard Klein were among select research highlights featured by NASA at the recent supercomputing conference in Austin, Texas.
Klein’s “Simulating Star Formation: From Giant Molecular Clouds to Protostellar Clusters” presentation is now on NASA’s website.
The origin of star clusters remains one of astrophysics’ fundamental unsolved problems. Stellar cluster and massive star formation are at the center of the complex processes that shaped the universe as we know it today. Yet a clear understanding of the processes involved in star formation remains elusive.
Taking on such a problem requires complex simulations that must include a broad range of physical processes, including: gravity, supersonic turbulence, hydrodynamics, outflows, magnetic fields, chemistry and ionizing and non-ionizing radiation. But such simulations are very difficult to produce because of the high degree of non-linear coupling and feedback mechanisms among these processes, as well as the large dynamic range in time and spatial scales.
Users discovered items the device could magnify, such as yarn, human hair, and flower petals.
Employees lunching on Friday, January 15, in the Department of Energy headquarters cafeteria received smartphone microscopes and a mission: Engage five students over Martin Luther King Jr. Day of Service in a STEM conversation using the device.
Employees from the DOE Office of Economic Impact and Diversity, including Director Dot Harris and fellow Melinda Higgins, recruited employees from many offices to participate in the STEM outreach event training.
“The broad participation goes to show how people from all areas can work to increase STEM literacy and awareness,” Higgins said.
“This is a great way to show innovative technology, using an existing technology such as the camera on your smartphone and improving and creating something new such as the microscope,” Higgins said. “This one device can be used to explain the physics behind light and microscopy, the structure and patterns of different substances on a microscopic level as well as the ability to analyze data that is collected to study as images.”
Participants in the STEM outreach event demonstrated using the microscope with grains of salt, tape, and flower petals. The clip-on device magnifies items 100x.
“I can tell you right now my kids are going to be looking at a lot of bugs on this thing,” said one employee, who said she was excited to share the device with her daughters.
Higgins and her colleagues encouraged microscope recipients share the micro-images they took on social media using #microSTEM. The design of the microscope is open-source so anyone can make one. Learn more and watch a video about the microscopes, where they come from, and how they're made here.
The smartphone microscope magnifies objects it views 100x on the user’s smartphone camera.
Last month two NNSA Senior Executive Service leaders were recognized as 2015 Presidential Rank Award Winners for distinguished contributions to public service. Director of NNSA’s Office of Policy Steven Erhart was named a Distinguished Executive Winner, and Director of Reactor Engineering in NNSA’s Naval Reactors Program Thomas G. Vavoso was named a Meritorious Executive Winner.
Erhart has 28 years of experience managing nuclear operations for the Department of Energy and the Department of Defense. Before becoming Director of NNSA’s Office of Policy, he served as the NNSA Production Office (NPO) Manager and as manager of the Pantex site office in Amarillo, Texas
“I’m now responsible to the Administrator for originating and integrating all high-level NNSA policy and strategy to ensure consistency and alignment to DOE goals and objectives,” Erhart said. “It’s a very rewarding job, and I work with a lot of really incredible people.”
Vavoso has been a Senior Executive Service leader in Naval Reactors since 2008 and holds a Master’s of Science in Computer and Information Systems from George Mason University. Vavoso began his career as an engineer in reactor protection instrumentation and control, and is a nuclear safety expert.
“I oversee the technology development, design and manufacture of nuclear reactors that reliably and safely power our nation's submarine and aircraft carriers so those ship crews and commanders can carry out their missions around the globe,” Vavoso said. “Day to day, I strive to create an environment where some very talented people can develop and deliver this technology with appropriate oversight, but minimal obstacles and encumbrances.”
Vavoso and Erhart lauded the work and achievements of the cadre of dedicated and talented engineers, procurement and logistics experts who help harness great energy capability for our national defense.
“Receiving an award like this is kind of like being a sports team manager who gets to hold a championship trophy, knowing the hard work done by those in the arena,” Vavoso said.
“I’m honored to receive this recognition, alongside so many great leaders in public service,” Erhart said.
The Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 established the Presidential Rank Awards Program to recognize a select group of career members of the Senior Executive Service (SES) for exceptional performance over an extended period of time.
For a full list of the 2015 Presidential Rank Award Winners, click here.
Jennifer Enderson, president of Emory Valley Center, and Bill Hevrdeys look over plans for the new facility.
Bill Hevrdeys, a Consolidated Nuclear Security Construction engineer who has worked at Y‑12 for more than 12 years, has worked on hundreds of construction projects all over the country, but one project is especially near and dear to his heart — the new home of the Emory Valley Center.
The future 25,000‑square‑foot building will house a medical and nursing center, gym with commercial kitchen, classrooms for children and adults served by the Emory Valley Center, and administrative offices.
Hevrdeys is using his expertise, honed over a 40‑year career, to write design and construction contracts for the Oak Ridge nonprofit. He says it began as just another construction job but quickly blossomed. Since 2013, he’s put in more than 1,000 hours of volunteer work.
Read more about Hevrdeys’ work for the EVC on the Y-12 website.
Working on the new Emory Valley Center is special to Bill Hevrdeys. EVC provides case management, training, housing, jobs and other services for adults with severe disabilities.
Pantex’s Calvin Nelson was recently awarded the 2015 Analyst of the Year for Transportation Security by the Department of Energy’s Nuclear Materials Information Program. The award, for which Nelson is the first‑ever Pantex recipient, recognizes outstanding analytic support to the NMIP.
All transportation security analysts and criteria managers working in the program, including the national laboratories, submit nominations to the NMIP Program Management Office in Washington, D.C., where the finalists are selected. “Nominations are submitted based on an individual’s dedication, teamwork and diligence to the program,” said Tommy Butler, director of special programs. “For Calvin to be selected for this award is without a doubt noteworthy of his performance.”
Read more about Nelson on the Pantex website.
Sandia National Laboratories' Researcher Juan Elizondo-Decanini holds two compact, high-voltage nonlinear transmission lines. He leads a project on nonlinear behavior in materials — behavior that’s usually shunned because it’s so unpredictable. (Photo by Randy Montoya)
Sandia National Laboratories' Juan Elizondo-Decanini turned a long-standing problem into an idea he believes could lead to better and less expensive machines, from cell phones to pressure sensors.
“This is one of those cases where it appears it’s going to result in substantial savings and it’s going to generate a whole suite of new gadgets,” he says.
Juan leads a project on nonlinear behavior in materials — behavior that’s usually shunned as too unpredictable. Instead of avoiding nonlinearity, he’s embracing it using harmonic waves called solitons and studying, for example, how nonlinearity might be used in capacitors to further improve cell phone reception or lock out computer hackers.
Capacitors are fundamental elements in electronic circuits that store energy by accumulating electrical charge after voltage is applied to them. The stored charge is determined by the capacitance value: the more capacitance, the more charge stored and the more energy at a given “charge” voltage. High-quality capacitors are considered linear because capacitance value doesn’t change as voltage is applied to store a charge. In a nonlinear capacitor, capacitance value changes as voltage is applied, so the energy or stored charge is different from what was expected.
NNSA's Emergency Communications Network (ECN) provides the capability to exchange real-time voice, data, and video information for managing emergency situations that involve NNSA assets and interests. In 2015, emergency response support teams in NNSA’s Office of Emergency Operations vastly improved on the communications support available in these situations by revamping the mobile ECN systems. NNSA reduced the size of the ECN systems by approximately 88 percent and their cost by 60 percent, while increasing the available communications pathways by 300 percent.
Previous ECN Mobile systems cost about $400,000; weighed approximately 500 pounds and provided a single source of communications: satellite. New ECN Mobile systems cost approximately $145,000; weigh about 60 pounds and provide three sources of potential communications: satellite, Internet, any available cellular signal.
What does this improvement mean for the United States? More effective and efficient communications for NNSA personnel deployed as part of the nation’s radiological and nuclear emergency response capability, helping to provide security to the nation from the threat of nuclear terrorism.
Since its founding in 1946, the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory has played a key scientific role in developing the beneficial use of atomic energy. In fact, over the last century, Argonne’s expertise was involved in the development of every nuclear research reactor in the United States. What may be less well-known about Argonne is its partnership with NNSA to prevent the misuse of that same power.
Lt. Gen. (retired) Frank G. Klotz, Administrator of the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), received a first-hand look at the role Argonne’s research and development work plays in this major national security mission when he visited the laboratory on January 15. While Argonne has its roots in the non-military use of nuclear energy and is part of the larger DOE national laboratory complex, it also works closely with NNSA in several critical areas that contribute to global nuclear security.
“Reducing the threat posed by the potential spread of nuclear weapons material is a core mission of NNSA, and Argonne has been an important partner in that effort for decades,” Klotz said. “The experience and scientific expertise of the researchers at Argonne have made the world a safer place, and it was a pleasure to meet some of those people today.”
A core mission of NNSA’s Office of Material Management and Minimization is to reduce nuclear threats by minimizing the use of highly enriched uranium (HEU) in civilian applications. This is largely achieved through conversion of nuclear reactors from the use of HEU—which can be a proliferation risk—to low enriched uranium (LEU) fuel. Since this program was launched in 1978, more than 90 reactors in dozens of countries have been converted to LEU, or verified as shut down. Argonne experts support this effort by redesigning reactor cores to use LEU, and by developing new types of fuel that can work in the reactors.
Another way Argonne works to minimize the use of HEU is in the production of critical medical isotopes. Argonne supports NNSA’s mission by developing a variety of technologies to produce the most commonly used medical isotope, molybdenum-99 (Mo-99), without the use of proliferation-sensitive HEU. Argonne supports international Mo-99 producers to convert to the use of LEU, and supports NNSA’s domestic commercial partners to accelerate development of the capability to produce Mo-99 in the United States without the use of HEU.
Argonne Director Peter B. Littlewood welcomed Klotz to the laboratory and said Argonne’s decades of experience in nuclear reactor and fuel design makes the laboratory a singular resource in the nuclear nonproliferation effort.
“Argonne was founded to help fulfill the promise of peaceful nuclear energy, and we also recognize that we must be vigilant to prevent its misuse,” Littlewood said. “We are honored to have General Klotz visit, and we hope to strengthen this partnership, which is critical to the security of the United States.”
While controlling nuclear material is important, care must also be taken with so-called dual-use materials, equipment and technologies that have peaceful applications but that can also contribute to the development of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). For example, some computer codes that are used to model nuclear reactor cores could also be used to model nuclear weapons. Argonne maintains an active trade- and technology-control program that works with NNSA to help prevent diversion of U.S. nuclear and related dual-use exports, and to further strengthen international efforts to control the trade in WMD-usable equipment and technologies.
During his visit, Klotz also toured the Advance Photon Source (APS), a DOE Office of Science/Basic Energy Sciences user facility at Argonne that provides the brightest storage ring-generated hard X-ray beams in the Western Hemisphere. Users perform a broad range of NNSA-supported research at the APS. NNSA supports operation of two sectors of the APS, which are used to conduct high pressure and shock physics experiments that support NNSA’s nonproliferation and defense program missions.
For Klotz, it was a full day, but one that he said emphasized the importance of cooperation across the entire DOE enterprise.
“Every site and laboratory within the DOE system is on a mission of ensuring the security of the United States, whether that be through energy security or through national security,” Klotz said. “I am proud of the contributions made by our laboratory workforce—some of the best and brightest scientific minds in the world.”